Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Delete or turn off your message history - Computer - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Delete or turn off your message history

When you delete your message history, this is deleted from Gmail and classic Hangouts on all your devices. Other people in the Hangout can still see the history.

Delete your message history

Delete history with one person
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Select a conversation.
  3. At the top of the conversation window, click Settings Settings.
  4. Select Delete conversation.
  5. If you're sure you want to delete your conversation, click Delete.
Delete history for a group

You cannot delete the history for a group, but you can leave the conversation. Learn how to leave the conversation.

If someone adds you back to the group conversation, you'll find the history again.

Hide a conversation

You can remove a conversation from the top of your conversation list without deleting the history.

Hide a conversation
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open a conversation.
  3. At the top-right of the Hangout window, click Settings Settings.
  4. Click Archive conversation.

If you send or get a new message, the conversation reappears on your conversation list.

Find a conversation again
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open settings:
    • On hangouts.google.com: Click Menu and then Settings.
    • On Gmail: At the top of your Hangouts list, click the Down arrow Down arrow.
  3. Click Archived Hangouts.
  4. Click the conversation you want to bring back.
  5. At the top-right of the Hangout window, click Settings Settings.
  6. Click Unarchive conversation.

Turn Hangout history on or off

When you turn your history on or off, it changes for everyone in the conversation. A notification appears in the Hangout window.

  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open a conversation.
  3. At the top, click Settings Settings.
  4. Check or uncheck "Conversation history."
    • Checked: History is turned on. Messages can be found in the Hangouts on all your devices and in Gmail.
    • Unchecked: History is turned off. Messages can only be found for a short time on your devices. Then, the messages are not saved and will be deleted.
  5. Click OK.

Notes:

  • If you talk to someone who uses a different chat app, their app may keep a separate copy of the conversation's history.
  • When a "History off" message expires, it won't disappear until after you refresh the app or browser.
  • Expired "History off" messages are not archived in Gmail or other Google systems or servers.
  • If you use Google through your work or school, your domain administrator can set and change this setting.
  • If you turn off conversation history, contacts in that conversation won't appear at the top of Hangouts and Gmail search results.

Find & search Hangouts messages in Gmail

Find your Hangouts messages in Gmail

If you turn off Hangouts history, you won't find your message history in Gmail.

  1. On your computer, open Gmail with the same account you use for Hangouts.
  2. On the left, click More and then Chats.
  3. Click to open a Hangout.
Search for past Hangouts messages
  1. On your computer, open Gmail with the same account you use for Hangouts.
  2. In the search box, enter in:chats, followed by a word or phrase that could help you find the message you're looking for.
  3. Click Search Search.
  4. In the search results, Hangouts messages display a Hangouts icon .
If you delete Hangouts archived messages in Gmail

If you delete your Hangouts message history in Gmail, the messages may also be removed in Hangouts.

  • Messages are removed in Hangouts after they're deleted forever in Gmail. Learn more about deleting items in Gmail.
  • Two-way deletions don't apply to messages sent directly to or from Google Chat, our enterprise offering.
If you delete Hangouts history in Hangouts

If you delete your message history in Hangouts, you'll also delete all email threads associated with that Hangout in Gmail.

Deleted messages in Hangouts are not stored in Trash.

Keyboard shortcuts for Hangouts - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Keyboard shortcuts for Hangouts

Keyboard shortcuts for Hangouts conversations

You can use the keyboard shortcuts while messaging in Hangouts.

Move between Hangout windows
Shortcut Keyboard keys
Move to next Hangout window Ctrl + .
Move to previous Hangout window Ctrl + ,
Close the current Hangout window Esc
Enter or exit the last updated Hangout window
(only for Hangouts in Gmail)
Shift + Esc
Format messages
Use the following keyboard shortcuts before you type a new message to add formatting.
Shortcut Windows Mac
Bold Ctrl + b ⌘ + b
Italicize Ctrl + i ⌘ + i
Underline Ctrl + u ⌘ + u
Navigation shortcuts
The following shortcuts allow you to navigate quickly. The shortcuts work for Hangouts at hangouts.google.com and in Gmail (if you've turned on keyboard shortcuts in Gmail).
Shortcut Keyboard keys
Focus on first element in the conversation list h then c
Go into phone mode (same as g then p) h then p
Open Hangouts Settings menu h then m
Go to Archived Hangouts and focus on first archived Hangout h then a
Go to Hangout Invites and focus on first invite h then i
Go to Hangouts search box (same as q) h then q

Delete or turn off your message history - Computer - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Delete or turn off your message history

When you delete your message history, this is deleted from Gmail and classic Hangouts on all your devices. Other people in the Hangout can still see the history.

Delete your message history

Delete history with one person
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Select a conversation.
  3. At the top of the conversation window, click Settings Settings.
  4. Select Delete conversation.
  5. If you're sure you want to delete your conversation, click Delete.
Delete history for a group

You cannot delete the history for a group, but you can leave the conversation. Learn how to leave the conversation.

If someone adds you back to the group conversation, you'll find the history again.

Hide a conversation

You can remove a conversation from the top of your conversation list without deleting the history.

Hide a conversation
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open a conversation.
  3. At the top-right of the Hangout window, click Settings Settings.
  4. Click Archive conversation.

If you send or get a new message, the conversation reappears on your conversation list.

Find a conversation again
  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open settings:
    • On hangouts.google.com: Click Menu and then Settings.
    • On Gmail: At the top of your Hangouts list, click the Down arrow Down arrow.
  3. Click Archived Hangouts.
  4. Click the conversation you want to bring back.
  5. At the top-right of the Hangout window, click Settings Settings.
  6. Click Unarchive conversation.

Turn Hangout history on or off

When you turn your history on or off, it changes for everyone in the conversation. A notification appears in the Hangout window.

  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open a conversation.
  3. At the top, click Settings Settings.
  4. Check or uncheck "Conversation history."
    • Checked: History is turned on. Messages can be found in the Hangouts on all your devices and in Gmail.
    • Unchecked: History is turned off. Messages can only be found for a short time on your devices. Then, the messages are not saved and will be deleted.
  5. Click OK.

Notes:

  • If you talk to someone who uses a different chat app, their app may keep a separate copy of the conversation's history.
  • When a "History off" message expires, it won't disappear until after you refresh the app or browser.
  • Expired "History off" messages are not archived in Gmail or other Google systems or servers.
  • If you use Google through your work or school, your domain administrator can set and change this setting.
  • If you turn off conversation history, contacts in that conversation won't appear at the top of Hangouts and Gmail search results.

Find & search Hangouts messages in Gmail

Find your Hangouts messages in Gmail

If you turn off Hangouts history, you won't find your message history in Gmail.

  1. On your computer, open Gmail with the same account you use for Hangouts.
  2. On the left, click More and then Chats.
  3. Click to open a Hangout.
Search for past Hangouts messages
  1. On your computer, open Gmail with the same account you use for Hangouts.
  2. In the search box, enter in:chats, followed by a word or phrase that could help you find the message you're looking for.
  3. Click Search Search.
  4. In the search results, Hangouts messages display a Hangouts icon .
If you delete Hangouts archived messages in Gmail

If you delete your Hangouts message history in Gmail, the messages may also be removed in Hangouts.

  • Messages are removed in Hangouts after they're deleted forever in Gmail. Learn more about deleting items in Gmail.
  • Two-way deletions don't apply to messages sent directly to or from Google Chat, our enterprise offering.
If you delete Hangouts history in Hangouts

If you delete your message history in Hangouts, you'll also delete all email threads associated with that Hangout in Gmail.

Deleted messages in Hangouts are not stored in Trash.

Start a group conversation - Computer - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Start a group conversation

You can use classic Hangouts to message multiple people at the same time.

Start a group conversation

  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open classic Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Click New conversation Add to playlist  and then New group .
  3. Enter the names or email addresses of the people you want to add.
  4. Click Done .

Optional: Name your group.

Start a video call in a group message

Tip: To make sure you don't join a meeting with an expired code and to better plan for the future meetings you create, check when meeting codes expire. Learn about Google Meet meeting codes.

  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open the app from the sidebar in Gmail.
  2. Select a group to call from the Hangouts list or create a new group. 
  3. At the top left of the group message window, click Video call .
    • Hangouts automatically adds a Meet link to your message. Click Send  to share the link and invite the group to the Google Meet video call.

 

Add or remove people

Add people to a conversation

When someone is added to a group, they can access past messages in the conversation. 

  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Select a group conversation.
  3. Click People People.
  4. At the bottom, click Add people
  5. Type the name or email address of the person you want to add.
  6. Click Add people.

Remove people from a conversation

You can remove someone from a group if you:

  • Started the group.
  • Were added by name or email address.

When someone is removed from a group, they can't access messages in the conversation.

  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Select a group conversation.
  3. Click People People.
  4. Find the person you want to remove. On their name, click Remove Remove.
  5. They're immediately removed from the group. Everyone in the group is notified that you removed the person.
  6. To add someone back into a group, add them by name or email. People removed from a group won't be able to rejoin with a link.

Other options

Name your group conversation
  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Select a group conversation.
  3. At the top of the chat box, click Settings Settings.
  4. In "Hangout Name," enter a name.
  5. Click Ok. The name of the group is visible to everyone in the conversation.
Find out who's in your group conversation
  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Select a group conversation.
  3. Click People People.
  4. You get a list of people in the group conversation. Everyone in the group is notified who's in the group.
Leave a group conversation
  1. Go to hangouts.google.com or open classic Hangouts in Gmail.
  2. Select the group conversation you want to leave.
  3. At the top right of the chat box, click Settings Settings.
  4. Click Leave conversation and then Leave.
  5. To rejoin, someone must invite you to the group. After you rejoin, you can access the conversation history, even for messages sent after you left.

When you leave a group conversation:

  • You won't receive new messages or video calls.
  • You won't be able to access previously sent messages.
  • Others in the conversation can access previous messages that were sent, including messages you sent.

Tip: To close the window but not leave the group, click Close Close.

Set a custom umask in macOS - Apple Support

Set a custom umask in macOS

Every file and folder on your Mac has a set of permissions. When you create a new file or folder, the umask determines these permissions.

These advanced steps are primarily for system administrators and others who are familiar with the command line. Be careful when you change file permissions and umasks. If you make a mistake, you can lower the security of files, folders, or apps on your Mac, or prevent apps from working.

About permissions and umasks

Permissions. Every file, folder, and app stored on your Mac has permission settings, which determine which user accounts can read, write to, or run the file, folder, or app. These permissions include POSIX permissions and Access Control Lists (ACLs). To make a user's POSIX permissions more restrictive or less restrictive, you can adjust their umask value.

Umasks. A three-digit number can represent the POSIX permissions for a file. You might see permissions represented this way when you view them from Terminal. Each digit is between 0 and 7. When you create a file, the umask value is subtracted from a default value (usually 666 for files and 777 for folders) to determine the permissions for the new file or folder. For example, a default umask of 022 sets permissions of 644 on new files and 755 on new folders. 

You can set the umask in several locations, and each location affects different apps. If you set an umask incorrectly, you might lose access to files or grant access to other users. See the MODES section of the chmod(1) manual page for more information.

Umask for user apps

Log in as an administrator and enter the following command in Terminal, replacing nnn with the umask value, such as 027 or 002. This command sets the user's umask for every app they open, including apps they access from the command line and new files that those apps create. After entering this command, you might need to restart your Mac. 

  sudo launchctl config user umask nnn  

If Terminal responds "Could not write configuration: No such file or directory," make sure that your startup disk has a folder at /private/var/db/com.apple.xpc.launchd/config. If the config folder is missing, try again after entering the following command to create it:

  sudo mkdir -m 755 /private/var/db/com.apple.xpc.launchd/config  

Umask for system processes

Log in as an administrator and enter the following command in Terminal, replacing nnn with the umask value, such as 027 or 002. This command sets the user's umask for every daemon that they run in the system context. This is strongly discouraged because it can change the permissions for files that the system uses. Permissions that are too restrictive can prevent software from working, and permissions that are too open can introduce security issues. After entering this command, you might need to restart your Mac. 

  sudo launchctl config system umask nnn  

If Terminal responds "Could not write configuration: No such file or directory," make sure that your startup disk has a folder at /private/var/db/com.apple.xpc.launchd/config. If the config folder is missing, try again after entering the following command to create it:

  sudo mkdir -m 755 /private/var/db/com.apple.xpc.launchd/config  

Learn more

For more information about how to set an umask, enter man launchctl in Terminal.

Published Date: 

About custom parameters for your data - Google Ads Help [gg-google-ads-en]

About custom parameters for your data

To provide a comprehensive and consolidated view of your Audiences and make audience management and optimization simpler, you'll see the following improvements in Google Ads:

  • New audience reporting
    Detailed reporting about audience demographics, segments, and exclusions is now consolidated in one place, the "Audiences" tab within the left page navigation menu. You can also easily manage your Audiences from this report page. Learn more About Audience reporting
  • New terms
    We're using new terms on your audience report and throughout Google Ads. For example, "audience types" (these include similar, custom, in-market, and affinity) are now referred to as audience segments and "remarketing" is now referred to as "your data". Learn more about the Updates to Audience terms and phrases

Global site tag lets you use custom parameters to include any non-personally identifiable and non-sensitive information directly. With this implementation, you'll be able to create more advanced data segments comprised of your website visitors and app users based on information you send through the global site tag.

This article goes over how to use custom parameters with your global site tags and lists.

Alert: Make sure you are using Google Ads Editor 12.4 or higher. Using an older version may result in the deletion of some of your previous URL and parallel tracking changes. Check which Google Ads Editor version you're using.

How custom parameters work

Custom parameters are key-value pairs that you can implement in the global site tag in order to categorize your site visitors in more sophisticated ways to further tailor your bids and ads. The parameters and values that you implement in custom parameters are sent through the tag to your Google Ads account and become available when you create your data segments.

An online store, for example, can collect the product price and the page type (which indicates how close to purchasing a customer is) in the tag to create a list for people who bought any product above a certain price. In this case, the custom parameters that the online store would include in the Google Ads would be value (price of the product) and pagetype (in this case, the purchase page).

Here's a comparison of standard implementation and custom implementation of your data:

Standard implementation: Create lists based on webpage URLs

  • Easier and faster to implement
  • Create as many lists as you want based on the URL visited
  • List definition limited by your site's URL structure. You can only define lists based on your URLs.

Custom implementation: Create lists based on custom parameters

  • More advanced categorization of visitors by using custom parameters
  • Create as many lists as you want based on the URL visited
  • Requires more technical expertise and IT resources

How you can use custom parameters

Custom parameters are helpful for reaching a more targeted audience. In general, it's a best practice to target all site visitors and to use Target CPA and Target ROAS Smart Bidding strategies, which use "signals" or the custom parameters that you send through the global site tag to optimize for conversions or conversion value. However, if the information you want to collect about your site visitors doesn't match any of our automated bidding signals, you can create custom parameters to capture that information. You can then create lists based on those parameters.

Here are a few examples of how you can use custom parameters to build more advanced lists:

  • If you're an online retailer, you might want to review our dynamic remarketing implementation guide.
  • If you're an online travel site, you could consider creating lists around travel origins and destinations, check-in and check-out dates, or different travel packages.

It's up to you to determine what non-personally-identifiable information about your site visitors would be valuable in targeting your ads. Here are a few examples of custom parameters, definitions, and examples:

Parameter Definition Examples
section Site content category Arts, Entertainment, Life & Style, News
subsection Site content subcategory Movies, Music, Games, Theatre
membertype Member type Non, Free Member, Premium Member
pagetype Page type Home, Product, Cart, Purchase
conversiontype Conversion type Log in, Sign Up, Store Locator, Contact Us

Additionally you can include any other parameter you like, such as age or gender, using "a=" or "g=," but you can't include information, such as name or email, that would identify visitors. In addition, you can't include sensitive information. For more information, check out the policy for advertising based on interests and location.

Note: Parameters names and values are not case sensitive. If a parameter shows up more than once in the drop down menu, you only need to select one. For example, "firstname" and "FirstName" function the same, so you would only need to make a parameter using one spelling.

Turn off notifications - Computer - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Turn off notifications

If you don't want to get notifications for messages, turn off or mute them.

Mute all notifications

You can mute notifications for up to two days.

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open your settings.
  3. Click Mute notifications for and select how long you want to mute notifications.
  4. You'll see "Notifications muted."
  5. To get notifications again, go to "Notifications muted" and click Resume.

Stop getting notifications from someone

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Click a contact or conversation.
  3. Click Settings Settings.
  4. Uncheck Notifications

Turn off message or call sounds

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open your settings.
  3. Uncheck the box next to the sound you want to turn off.

Manage your contacts - Computer - Hangouts Help [gg-hangouts-en]

Manage your contacts

You can manage your conversations, invites, and contacts in Google Hangouts.

Note: The Google+ integration with Google Hangouts has been turned off. Invitation notification settings for contacts previously in "Your circles" are now included in the "Everyone else" setting. You can change notification settings at any time by following the steps in the "Let people contact you without an invite" section below.

See your contacts

  1. On your computer, go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Click Contacts People or Hangouts contacts People.
  3. You'll see a full list of your contacts.

Add someone to your contacts

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. At the top, click New conversation Add.
  3. Type a name, phone number, or email address.
  4. Send an invite or start a conversation to add the person to your contacts.

Manage your contacts and conversations

Keep a contact at the top

To keep a contact at the top, even when they're offline, point to their name and click More More and then Pin to top.

Hide a contact

To hide a contact on your list, point to their name and click More More and then Hide.

See hidden contacts

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open your settings.
    • In the Hangouts app, click Menu Menu and then Settings.
    • In Gmail, click the Down arrow Down Arrow.
  3. Click Hidden contacts.
  4. To see your hidden contacts again, tap Unhide.

See conversations and invites

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Click Open conversations Conversations.

Let people contact you without an invite

  1. Go to Hangouts at hangouts.google.com or in Gmail.
  2. Open your settings:
    • On the Hangouts app, click Menu Menuand then Settings.
    • On Gmail, next to your name click the Down arrow Down Arrow.
  3. Click Customize invite settings.
  4. Select Customized and choose who needs an invite and who doesn't.

 

 

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