Friday, March 5, 2021

Delete or hide your YouTube channel - YouTube Help [gg-youtube-en]

Delete or hide your YouTube channel

You can choose to temporarily hide content on your channel or permanently delete your channel.

Note that hiding or deleting a YouTube channel will permanently delete all Community posts, comments, and replies.

How to hide or delete your YouTube channel

Hide your channel temporarily 

You can hide content from your YouTube channel and choose to re-enable it later. When you hide content, your channel name, videos, likes, subscriptions, and subscribers will be made private.

All your comments and replies will be permanently deleted. Your account data on other Google properties will not be removed.

Hide your channel or your channel's content:

  1. Sign in to YouTube Studio.
  2. From the left menu, select Settings .
  3. Select Channel and then Advance Settings.
  4. At the bottom, select Remove YouTube content. Note: This will take you to a page where you can delete or hide your channel. You may be asked to enter your sign-in details.
  5. Select I want to hide my content.
  6. Select the boxes to confirm what will be hidden on your channel.
  7. Select Hide my channel.

If you want to make your content viewable to others, or if you want to upload, comment, or use playlists, you can re-enable the channel.

Delete your channel permanently

Closing your YouTube channel will permanently delete your content, including videos, comments, messages, playlists, and history. Note that you can't delete a channel on mobile devices right now.

Follow these steps to delete your YouTube channel:

  1. Sign in to YouTube Studio.
  2. From the left menu, select Settings .
  3. Select Channel and then Advance Settings.
  4. At the bottom, select Remove YouTube Content. If prompted, enter your sign-in details.
  5. Select I want to permanently delete my content.
  6. Select the boxes to confirm you want to delete your channel.
  7. Select Delete my content.

The update may take some time, so you might continue to see thumbnails of your videos on the site for a short time.

Note: These steps will only delete your YouTube channel, not your Google Account you use to sign in with. Learn how to delete your entire Google Account.

After you delete a channel, the channel URL and channel name will no longer be visible or searchable in YouTube Analytics. Data associated with the channel, such as Watch time, will still be part of aggregate reports, but will not be attributed to the deleted channel.

Change YouTube password - YouTube Help [gg-youtube-en]

Change YouTube password

You sign into YouTube with your Google Account, so your YouTube password is the same as your Google Account password.

To change your YouTube password, follow the instructions to change your Google Account password. Note that this will change your password for all Google services you use, like Gmail, Blogger, Calendar, and so on.

Did you forget your password? Find out how to reset your password.

Supported YouTube file formats - YouTube Help [gg-youtube-en]

Supported YouTube file formats

Note: Audio files, like MP3, WAV, or PCM files, can't be uploaded to YouTube. You can use video editing software to convert your audio file to a video.

If you're not sure which format to save your video as or are getting an "invalid file format" error message when you're uploading, make sure that you're using one of the following formats:

  • .MOV
  • .MPEG4
  • .MP4
  • .AVI
  • .WMV
  • .FLV
  • 3GPP
  • WebM
  • DNxHR
  • ProRes
  • CineForm
  • HEVC (h265)

If you're using a file format that's not listed above, use this troubleshooter to learn how to convert your file.

For more advanced information on file formats you can read through this article on encoding settings.

Select the file format you'd like to convert

Digital camera RAW formats supported by iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and macOS Big Sur - Apple Support

Digital camera RAW formats supported by iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and macOS Big Sur

These operating systems include system-level support for RAW images taken by many third-party cameras.

iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and macOS Big Sur include enhanced support for processing digital camera RAW formats, providing better detail and improved noise reduction. These RAW formats offer greater image-editing flexibility on iOS and iPadOS using third-party apps that support RAW.1

Support for additional RAW formats is added over time. This list is current as of 2 February 2021 and reflects compatibility for the latest versions of iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and macOS Big Sur.

  • Canon EOS 1000D
  • Canon EOS 100D
  • Canon EOS 10D
  • Canon EOS 1100D
  • Canon EOS 1200D
  • Canon EOS 1300D
  • Canon EOS 1500D
  • Canon EOS 1D
  • Canon EOS 1D C
  • Canon EOS 1D Mark II
  • Canon EOS 1D Mark II N
  • Canon EOS 1D Mark III
  • Canon EOS 1D Mark IV
  • Canon EOS 1D X
  • Canon EOS-1D X Mark II2
  • Canon EOS-1D X Mark III
  • Canon EOS 1Ds
  • Canon EOS 1Ds Mark II
  • Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III
  • Canon EOS 2000D
  • Canon EOS 200D 
  • Canon EOS 20D
  • Canon EOS 3000D
  • Canon EOS 300D
  • Canon EOS 30D
  • Canon EOS 350D
  • Canon EOS 4000D
  • Canon EOS 400D
  • Canon EOS 40D
  • Canon EOS 450D
  • Canon EOS 500D
  • Canon EOS 50D
  • Canon EOS 550D
  • Canon EOS 5D
  • Canon EOS 5D Mark II
  • Canon EOS 5D Mark III
  • Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
  • Canon EOS 5DS
  • Canon EOS 5DS R
  • Canon EOS 600D
  • Canon EOS 60D
  • Canon EOS 650D
  • Canon EOS 6D
  • Canon EOS 6D Mark II
  • Canon EOS 700D
  • Canon EOS 70D
  • Canon EOS 750D
  • Canon EOS 760D
  • Canon EOS 77D
  • Canon EOS 7D
  • Canon EOS 7D Mark II
  • Canon EOS 800D
  • Canon EOS 80D2
  • Canon EOS 850D
  • Canon EOS 9000D
  • Canon EOS 90D
  • Canon EOS D30
  • Canon EOS D60
  • Canon EOS Digital Rebel
  • Canon EOS Digital Rebel XS
  • Canon EOS Digital Rebel XSi
  • Canon EOS Digital Rebel XT
  • Canon EOS Digital Rebel XTi
  • Canon EOS Kiss 8000D
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital F
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital N
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital X
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital X2
  • Canon EOS Kiss Digital X3
  • Canon EOS Kiss M
  • Canon EOS Kiss X4
  • Canon EOS Kiss X5
  • Canon EOS Kiss X50
  • Canon EOS Kiss X6i
  • Canon EOS Kiss X7
  • Canon EOS Kiss X70
  • Canon EOS Kiss X7i
  • Canon EOS Kiss X80
  • Canon EOS Kiss X8i
  • Canon EOS Kiss X9
  • Canon EOS Kiss X9i
  • Canon EOS Kiss X10i
  • Canon EOS M
  • Canon EOS M10
  • Canon EOS M100
  • Canon EOS M200
  • Canon EOS M2
  • Canon EOS M3
  • Canon EOS M5
  • Canon EOS M50
  • Canon EOS M6
  • Canon EOS M6 Mark II
  • Canon EOS R
  • Canon EOS R5
  • Canon EOS R6
  • Canon EOS Rebel SL1
  • Canon EOS Rebel SL2
  • Canon EOS Rebel T100
  • Canon EOS Rebel T1i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T2i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T3
  • Canon EOS Rebel T3i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T4i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T5
  • Canon EOS Rebel T5i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T6
  • Canon EOS Rebel T6i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T6s
  • Canon EOS Rebel T7
  • Canon EOS Rebel T7i
  • Canon EOS Rebel T8i
  • Canon EOS RP
  • Canon EOS SL III
  • Canon mRAW
  • Canon PowerShot G1 X
  • Canon PowerShot G1 X Mark II
  • Canon PowerShot G1 X Mark III
  • Canon PowerShot G10
  • Canon PowerShot G11
  • Canon PowerShot G12
  • Canon PowerShot G15
  • Canon PowerShot G16
  • Canon PowerShot G3 X
  • Canon PowerShot G5
  • Canon PowerShot G5 X
  • Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II
  • Canon PowerShot G6
  • Canon PowerShot G7 X
  • Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark II
  • Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark III
  • Canon PowerShot G9
  • Canon PowerShot G9 X
  • Canon PowerShot G9 X Mark II
  • Canon PowerShot Pro1
  • Canon PowerShot S100
  • Canon PowerShot S110
  • Canon PowerShot S120
  • Canon PowerShot S60
  • Canon PowerShot S70
  • Canon PowerShot S90
  • Canon PowerShot S95
  • Canon PowerShot SX1 IS
  • Canon PowerShot SX50 HS
  • Canon PowerShot SX60 HS
  • Canon PowerShot SX70 HS
  • Canon sRAW
  • DxO ONE
  • Epson R-D1
  • Epson R-D1s
  • Epson R-D1x
  • Fujifilm FinePix S2Pro
  • Fujifilm FinePix S3Pro
  • Fujifilm FinePix S5Pro
  • Fujifilm FinePix X100
  • Fujifilm GFX 50R
  • Fujifilm GFX 50S3
  • Fujifilm X-A1
  • Fujifilm X-A10
  • Fujifilm X-A2
  • Fujifilm X-A3
  • Fujifilm X-A5
  • Fujifilm X-A7
  • Fujifilm X-E1
  • Fujifilm X-E2
  • Fujifilm X-E2S
  • Fujifilm X-E3
  • Fujifilm X-H13
  • Fujifilm X-M1
  • Fujifilm X-Pro1
  • Fujifilm X-Pro23
  • Fujifilm X-T1
  • Fujifilm X-T10
  • Fujifilm X-T100
  • Fujifilm X-T203
  • Fujifilm X-T23
  • Fujifilm X-T200
  • Fujifilm X-T303
  • Fujifilm X-T33
  • Fujifilm X100F3
  • Fujifilm X100S
  • Fujifilm X100T
  • Fujifilm X100V
  • Fujifilm X20
  • Fujifilm X30
  • Fujifilm X70
  • Fujifilm XF10
  • Fujifilm XQ1
  • Fujifilm XQ2
  • Hasselblad CF-22
  • Hasselblad CF-39
  • Hasselblad CFV-16
  • Hasselblad CFV-50c
  • Hasselblad H3D-31
  • Hasselblad H3D-31 II
  • Hasselblad H3DII-50
  • Hasselblad H4D-40
  • Hasselblad H5D-50c
  • Hasselblad H6D-100c
  • Hasselblad Lunar
  • Hasselblad X1D-50c
  • Kodak DCS Pro SLR/n
  • Konica Minolta ALPHA SWEET DIGITAL
  • Konica Minolta ALPHA-5 DIGITAL
  • Konica Minolta ALPHA-7 DIGITAL
  • Konica Minolta DiMAGE A200
  • Konica Minolta DYNAX 5D
  • Konica Minolta DYNAX 7D
  • Konica Minolta MAXXUM 5D
  • Konica Minolta MAXXUM 7D
  • Leaf AFi 5
  • Leaf AFi 6
  • Leaf AFi 7
  • Leaf AFi-II 6
  • Leaf AFi-II 7
  • Leaf Aptus 17
  • Leaf Aptus 22
  • Leaf Aptus 54S
  • Leaf Aptus 65
  • Leaf Aptus 65S
  • Leaf Aptus 75
  • Leaf Aptus 75s
  • Leaf Aptus-II 6
  • Leaf Aptus-II 7
  • Leaf Valeo 11
  • Leaf Valeo 17
  • Leaf Valeo 22
  • Leica CL
  • Leica C-Lux
  • Leica C (Typ 112)
  • Leica D-Lux (Typ 109)
  • Leica D-Lux 2
  • Leica D-Lux 3
  • Leica D-Lux 4
  • Leica D-Lux 5
  • Leica D-Lux 6
  • Leica D-Lux 7
  • Leica DIGILUX 2
  • Leica DIGILUX 3
  • Leica M
  • Leica M Monochrom
  • Leica M Monochrom (Typ 246)
  • Leica M-E
  • Leica M10
  • Leica M8
  • Leica M8.2
  • Leica M9
  • Leica Q (Typ 116)
  • Leica Q2
  • Leica S (Typ 007)
  • Leica S2
  • Leica SL (Typ 601)
  • Leica SL2
  • Leica V-Lux (Typ 114)
  • Leica V-Lux 1
  • Leica V-Lux 2
  • Leica V-Lux 4
  • Leica V-Lux 5
  • Leica X (Typ 113)
  • Leica X Vario (Typ 107)
  • Leica X-U (Typ 113)
  • Leica X1
  • Leica X2
  • Minolta DiMAGE A1
  • Minolta DiMAGE A2
  • Nikon 1 AW1
  • Nikon 1 J1
  • Nikon 1 J2
  • Nikon 1 J3
  • Nikon 1 J4
  • Nikon 1 J5
  • Nikon 1 S1
  • Nikon 1 S2
  • Nikon 1 V1
  • Nikon 1 V2
  • Nikon 1 V3
  • Nikon B700
  • Nikon COOLPIX A
  • Nikon COOLPIX A1000
  • Nikon COOLPIX P1000
  • Nikon COOLPIX P330
  • Nikon COOLPIX P340
  • Nikon COOLPIX P6000
  • Nikon COOLPIX P7000
  • Nikon COOLPIX P7100
  • Nikon COOLPIX P7700
  • Nikon COOLPIX P7800
  • Nikon COOLPIX P950
  • Nikon D1
  • Nikon D100
  • Nikon D1H
  • Nikon D1X
  • Nikon D200
  • Nikon D2H
  • Nikon D2Hs
  • Nikon D2X
  • Nikon D2Xs
  • Nikon D3
  • Nikon D300
  • Nikon D3000
  • Nikon D300S
  • Nikon D3100
  • Nikon D3200
  • Nikon D3300
  • Nikon D3400
  • Nikon D3500
  • Nikon D3S
  • Nikon D3X
  • Nikon D4
  • Nikon D40
  • Nikon D40X
  • Nikon D4S
  • Nikon D5
  • Nikon D50
  • Nikon D500
  • Nikon D5000
  • Nikon D5100
  • Nikon D5200
  • Nikon D5300
  • Nikon D5500
  • Nikon D5600
  • Nikon D6
  • Nikon D60
  • Nikon D600
  • Nikon D610
  • Nikon D70
  • Nikon D700
  • Nikon D7000
  • Nikon D70s
  • Nikon D7100
  • Nikon D7200
  • Nikon D750
  • Nikon D7500
  • Nikon D780
  • Nikon D80
  • Nikon D800
  • Nikon D800E
  • Nikon D810
  • Nikon D810A
  • Nikon D850
  • Nikon D90
  • Nikon Df
  • Nikon E8400
  • Nikon E8700
  • Nikon E8800
  • Nikon Z 5
  • Nikon Z 50
  • Nikon Z 6
  • Nikon Z 6II
  • Nikon Z 7
  • Nikon Z 7II
  • Olympus C7000Z
  • Olympus C7070WZ
  • Olympus C70Z
  • Olympus C8080WZ
  • Olympus E-1
  • Olympus E-3
  • Olympus E-30
  • Olympus E-300
  • Olympus E-330
  • Olympus E-400
  • Olympus E-410
  • Olympus E-450
  • Olympus E-5
  • Olympus E-500
  • Olympus E-510
  • Olympus E-600
  • Olympus E-620
  • Olympus E-M1X5
  • Olympus EVOLT E-420
  • Olympus EVOLT E-520
  • Olympus OM-D E-M1
  • Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II
  • Olympus OM-D E-M10
  • Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark II
  • Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III
  • Olympus OM-D E-M5
  • Olympus OM-D E-M5 Mark II5
  • Olympus PEN E-P1
  • Olympus PEN E-P2
  • Olympus PEN E-P3
  • Olympus PEN E-PL1
  • Olympus PEN E-PL1s
  • Olympus PEN E-PL2
  • Olympus PEN E-PL3
  • Olympus PEN E-PL5
  • Olympus PEN E-PL8
  • Olympus PEN E-PL9
  • Olympus PEN E-PM1
  • Olympus PEN E-PM2
  • Olympus PEN Lite E-PL6
  • Olympus PEN Lite E-PL7
  • Olympus PEN-F
  • Olympus SP-570UZ
  • Olympus STYLUS 1
  • Olympus STYLUS SH-2
  • Olympus STYLUS TG-4 Tough 
  • Olympus STYLUS XZ-2
  • Olympus XZ-1
  • Panasonic FZ1000 MK2
  • Panasonic LUMIX CM1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-FZ80
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-FZ81
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-FZ82
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-FZ83
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-FZ85
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GF10
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GF9
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GF90
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GX7MK3
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GX800
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GX850
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-GX9
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-G90
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-G91
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-G95
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-S1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-S1H
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-S1R
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TX2
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ200
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ202
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ220
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ90
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ91
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ92
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ93
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ95
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ96
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-TZ97
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-ZS200
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-ZS220
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-ZS70
  • Panasonic LUMIX DC-ZS80
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ100
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ1000
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ150
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ200
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ2500
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ300
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ330
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ35
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ38
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ50
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ70
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ72
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G10
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G2
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G3
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G5
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G6
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G7
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G8
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF2
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF3
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF5
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF6
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF7
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GF8
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GH1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GH2
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GH3
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GH4
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GM1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GM1S
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GM5
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GX1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GX7
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GX7 Mark II
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GX8
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-L1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LC1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LF1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX10
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX100
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX15
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX2
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX3
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX5
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX7
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-LX9
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TX1
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ100
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ60
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ61
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ70
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ71
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ80
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ82
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ85
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-ZS100
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-ZS40
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-ZS50
  • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-ZS60
  • Panasonic LUMIX G80
  • Panasonic LUMIX G85
  • Panasonic LUMIX G9
  • Panasonic LUMIX GH5
  • Panasonic LUMIX GH5S
  • Panasonic LUMIX GX80
  • Panasonic LUMIX GX85
  • Panasonic LUMIX LX100 II
  • Pentax *ist D
  • Pentax *ist DL
  • Pentax *ist DL2
  • Pentax *ist DS
  • Pentax *ist DS2
  • Pentax 645D
  • Pentax 645Z
  • Pentax K-16
  • Pentax K-3
  • Pentax K-3 II
  • Pentax K-30
  • Pentax K-5
  • Pentax K-5 II
  • Pentax K-5 IIs
  • Pentax K-7
  • Pentax K-70
  • Pentax K-m
  • Pentax K-r
  • Pentax K-S1
  • Pentax K-S2
  • Pentax K-x
  • Pentax K100D
  • Pentax K100D Super
  • Pentax K10D
  • Pentax K110D
  • Pentax K2000
  • Pentax K200D
  • Pentax K20D
  • Pentax MX-1
  • Pentax Q
  • Phase One IQ3 100M7
  • Phase One IQ1 100MP
  • Ricoh GR
  • Ricoh GRII
  • Ricoh GR III
  • Samsung GX-10
  • Samsung GX-1L
  • Samsung GX-1S
  • Samsung GX-20
  • Samsung NX10
  • Samsung NX100
  • Samsung NX11
  • Samsung NX200
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A100
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A200
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A230
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A290
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A300
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A330
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A350
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A380
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A390
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A450
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A500
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A550
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A560
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A580
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A700
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A850
  • Sony Alpha DSLR-A900
  • Sony Alpha ILCA-99 II
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-3000
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-5000
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-5100
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6000
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6100
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6300
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6400
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6500
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-6600
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7 II
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7 III
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7R
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7R II
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7R III
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7R IV
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7S
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-7S II
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-9
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-9 II
  • Sony Alpha NEX-3
  • Sony Alpha NEX-3N
  • Sony Alpha NEX-5
  • Sony Alpha NEX-5N
  • Sony Alpha NEX-5R
  • Sony Alpha NEX-5T
  • Sony Alpha NEX-6
  • Sony Alpha NEX-7
  • Sony Alpha NEX-C3
  • Sony Alpha NEX-F3
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A33
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A35
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A37
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A55
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A57
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A58
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A65
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A68
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A77
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A77 II
  • Sony Alpha SLT-A99
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX95
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX99
  • Sony DSC-RX0 II
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 II
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 III
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 II
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 III
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 IV
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VA
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VI
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1R
  • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1R II
  • Sony Cyber-shot RX100 V
  • Sony DSC-F828
  • Sony DSC-R1
  • Sony DSC-RX0
  • Sony DSC-V3
  • Sony NEX-VG20

1. RAW processing on iOS or iPadOS with third-party apps is available on iPhone 6 or later, iPad Pro (all models), iPad mini 4 or later, iPad Air 2 or later, and iPod touch (6th generation) or later.

2. Canon RAW format only

3. Uncompressed RAW format only

4. Nikon RAW L format only

5. Excluding RAW images taken using High Res Shot

6. Single shot RAW format only

7. Lossless RAW format only

Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Contact the vendor for additional information.

Published Date: 

'Google email change verification' message - Google Account Help [gg-accounts-en]

'Google email change verification' message

If you've recently changed the email address on your Google Account, you should receive two emails with these subjects:

  1. 'Google Accounts: Email Change Verification': you get this one at your new email address. The email asks you to verify the change by clicking the provided link. If you didn't initiate the change, simply disregard the email.
  2. 'Google Accounts: Email Change Notification': you receive this one at your old email address. Please note that this email is a security measure to protect your account in case someone is trying to take it over.

If you didn't recently attempt to change the email address on your account, and you believe your account might be compromised, follow the steps to recover your account.

Alternatives to changing your primary domain - Google Workspace Admin Help [gg-a-en]

Alternatives to changing your primary domain

When you sign up for Google Workspace or Cloud Identity, you provide a domain name that becomes the primary domain associated with your account. You and your users get usernames and email addresses at this domain.

Do I really need a new primary domain?

Changing your primary domain isn't always necessary—and it's an involved process. Depending on your needs, you might simply add your other domain as a domain alias or an additional domain.

Changing your primary domain is generally only necessary if you:

  • Would like your users to sign in to their accounts using a new primary domain name. 
  • Lose ownership of your old domain and would like to remove it from your account.
  • Would like consistent branding in Drive shares and Calendar invites, which always shows the primary email address of the user.
  • Use Google App Engine, which signs in user accounts on the primary domain.

Can I change the primary domain for my account?  

You can change the primary domain of some Google Workspace and Cloud Identity editions.

Changing the primary domain is not supported for these types of accounts:

If you have the Nonprofits edition, Chrome Device Management, or Chromebox for Meetings, please contact Google Workspace support for your options.


We just want email addresses at the new domain

To send and receive mail using an address at a new domain, add the domain as a domain alias. Users still sign in to their account at the old domain, but they can send and receive mail with addresses at either their new or old domain.

To get started, follow the steps at Add multiple domains or domain aliases.

We really want a new primary domain

Review the requirements and follow the steps in Change your primary domain.  



Keep your photos safely stored and up to date on all of your devices - Apple Support

Keep your photos safely stored and up to date on all of your devices

iCloud Photos is the easiest way to keep your entire library safe and updated across your devices, automatically. Or you can use your computer to sync photos and videos manually to your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.

Keep your photos updated automatically with iCloud

With iCloud Photos, you can keep all your photos and videos stored in iCloud and synced seamlessly across all of your devices so you can access your library from your Mac, Apple TV, iPhone, iPad, and even your PC.

When you're connected to the Internet, Wi-Fi, or a cellular network, your newest shots upload automatically and your edits update in real time. So you always see the latest version on your devices and online.

Before you begin

Turn on iCloud Photos

  • On your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, go to Settings > [your name] > iCloud > Photos, then turn on iCloud Photos.
  • On your Mac, go to System Preferences > iCloud > Options next to Photos, then select iCloud Photos.
  • On your Apple TV, go to Settings > Accounts > iCloud > iCloud Photos.
  • On your Windows PC, download iCloud for Windows then set up iCloud Photos.

When you turn on iCloud Photos, any photos or videos that you've synced manually to your iOS device are overwritten. If these photos and videos are still on your Mac or PC, they'll appear on your iOS device when iCloud Photos updates your photo library.

If you choose not to turn on iCloud Photos, you can sync your photos and videos manually in the Finder on your Mac.

Sync your photos manually using the Finder

You can use the Finder on your Mac to sync photos to your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch from the Photos app, or from a folder on your computer. Each time that you sync your iOS device with your computer, the photos and videos on your iOS device update to match the albums on your computer. If you have photos on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch that aren't on your computer, follow these steps to import them.

  1. Open a Finder window and connect your device to your computer using a USB cable. 
  2. Your device appears in the sidebar of the Finder window. Click the device to select it.
  3. If prompted, trust your device.
  4. Click the Photos tab below your device's information.
  5. Select the checkbox next to Sync photos to your device from, then select Photos or a folder on your Mac.
  6. Choose between syncing all your photos and albums or only selected albums. You can also choose to sync only favorites, and whether to include videos.
  7. Click the Apply button in the lower-right corner of the window. If syncing doesn't start automatically, click the Sync button.

You must import Slo-Mo and Time-Lapse videos through the Photos app or Image Capture in OS X Yosemite or later for their effect to be synced via the Finder. When you use iCloud Photos, Slo-Mo and Time-Lapse videos keep their effects.

Live Photos keep their effect when you import them to Photos in OS X El Capitan and later, but they lose their effect if you sync them back to your device via your computer. Use iCloud Photos so that Live Photos keep their effect, no matter what device you use.

You can sync your device only with the System Photo Library. If you have more than one photo library on your Mac, be sure that the correct one is designated as the System Photo Library.

Turn off Finder syncing

If you don't want the synced photos on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch anymore, turn off syncing in the Finder and they'll be removed from your device. You can turn off syncing for some of your photo albums or all of them at once.

Stop syncing some albums

  1. Open a Finder window and connect your device to your computer using a USB cable. 
  2. Your device appears in the sidebar of the Finder window. Click the device to select it.
  3. If prompted, trust your device.
  4. Click the Photos tab below your device's information.
  5. Choose "Selected albums" and deselect the albums or collections that you want to stop syncing.
  6. Click Apply.

Stop syncing all photos

  1. Open a Finder window and connect your device to your computer using a USB cable. 
  2. Your device appears in the sidebar of the Finder window. Click the device to select it.
  3. If prompted, trust your device.
  4. Click the Photos tab below your device's information.
  5. Deselect "Sync Photos" then click "Remove photos."
  6. Click Apply.


Learn more

Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Contact the vendor for additional information.

Published Date: 

Google Ads Terms & Conditions - Advertising Policies Help [gg-adspolicy-en]

Google Ads Terms & Conditions

Terms and Conditions can vary based on location. Google advertisers can find the Terms and Conditions for their country with our Google Ads Terms and Conditions finder.

For advertisers in Australia:

On November 1, 2016, the Google Advertising Program Terms applicable to Australia-based customers were changed and assigned to Google Australia Pty Ltd. A copy of the updated terms is available below:

Advertising Program Terms

These Advertising Program Terms ("Terms") are entered into by Google Australia Pty Ltd ("Google") and the entity executing these Terms or that accepts these Terms electronically ("Customer"). These Terms govern Customer's participation in Google's advertising programs and services (i) that are accessible through the account(s) given to Customer in connection with these Terms or (ii) that reference or are referenced by these Terms (collectively, "Programs"). In consideration of the foregoing, the parties agree as follows:

1 Programs. Customer authorizes Google and its affiliates to place Customer's advertising materials and related technology (collectively, "Ads" or "Creative") on any content or property (each a "Property") provided by Google or its affiliates on behalf of itself or, as applicable, a third party ("Partner"). Customer is solely responsible for all: (i) Creative, (ii) Ad trafficking or targeting decisions (e.g., keywords) ("Targets"), (iii) Properties to which Creative directs viewers (e.g., landing pages) along with the related URLs and redirects ("Destinations") and (iv) services and products advertised on Destinations (collectively, "Services"). The Program is an advertising platform on which Customer authorizes Google or its affiliates to use automated tools to format Ads. Google and its affiliates may make available to Customer certain optional Program features to assist Customer with the selection and generation of Targets and Creative. Customer is not required to authorize use of these optional Targeting and Creative features and, as applicable, may opt-in to or opt-out of usage of these features, but if Customer uses these features then Customer will be solely responsible for the Targets and Creative. Google or Partners may reject or remove a specific Ad or Target at any time for any reason. For example an Ad or Target may be rejected or removed by Google if it violates the Policies or if Google believes the Ad or Target would expose Google or a Partner to liability. Google and its affiliates may modify or cancel Programs at any time. Customer acknowledges that Google or its affiliates may participate in Program auctions in support of its own services and products. Some Program features are identified as "Beta," "Ad Experiment," or as otherwise unsupported or confidential (collectively, "Beta Features"). Customer may not disclose any information from Beta Features or the terms or existence of any non-public Beta Features.

2 Policies. Customer is solely responsible for its use of the Programs (e.g., access to and use of Program accounts and safeguarding usernames and passwords) ("Use"). Program Use is subject to applicable Google policies available at and all applicable Partner policies made available by Google to Customer (in each case, as modified from time to time, "Policies"). Some frequently asked Policy questions are answered by the following Policies: the Google Privacy Policy available at; the Advertising Cookies Policy available at; and the Trademark Guidelines available at In connection with the Program, Google will comply with the Google Privacy Policy. Customer authorizes Google or its affiliates to modify Ads as described in Policies. Customer will not, and will not authorize any third party to, (i) generate automated, fraudulent or otherwise invalid impressions, inquiries, clicks or conversions, (ii) conceal conversions for Programs where they are required to be disclosed or (iii) use any automated means or form of scraping or data extraction to access, query or otherwise collect Google advertising related information from any Property except as expressly permitted by Google. Customer will direct communications regarding Ads on Partner Properties under these Terms only to Google.

3 Ad Serving. (a) Customer will not provide Ads containing malware, spyware or any other malicious code or knowingly breach or circumvent any Program security measure. (b) Customer may utilize an Ad server solely for serving or tracking Ads under Programs that permit third party Ad serving and only if the Ad server has been authorized by Google to participate in the Program. Google will implement Customer's Ad server tags so that they are functional. (c) For online display Ad impressions billed on a CPM basis ("Display Ads"), if Google's impression count ("IC") for a Program is higher than Customer's third party Ad server ("3PAS") IC by more than 10% over the invoice period, Customer will facilitate reconciliation efforts between Google and 3PAS. If this discrepancy is not resolved, Customer must make a claim within 60 days after the invoice date ("Claim Period"). If Google determines that the claim is valid then, subject to Section 8(b), (i) Google will issue to Customer advertising credits equal to (90% of Google IC - 3PAS IC) multiplied by Google-reported campaign average CPM over the invoice period which must be used by Customer within 60 days of issuance of the credits ("Use By Date") and (ii) Google may suspend Customer's permission to utilize that 3PAS provider and the effectiveness of the discrepancy resolution provisions of this Section for that 3PAS provider. Metrics from 3PAS whose Ad server tags are provided to Google will be used in the foregoing discrepancy resolution calculations. Google may require that discrepancy records be provided directly by 3PAS to Google. Customer will not be credited for discrepancies caused by 3PAS' inability to serve Ads.

4 Ad Cancellation. Unless a Policy, the Program user interface or an agreement referencing these Terms (an "IO") provides otherwise, either party may cancel any Ad at any time before the earlier of Ad auction or placement, but if Customer cancels an Ad after a commitment date provided by Google (e.g., a reservation-based campaign), then Customer is responsible for any cancellation fees communicated by Google to Customer (if any) and the Ad may still be published. Cancelled Ads will generally cease serving within 8 business hours or as described in a Policy or IO, and Customer remains obligated to pay all charges resulting from served Ads (e.g., fees based on conversion). Customer must effect cancellation of Ads (i) online through Customer's account if the functionality is available, (ii) if this functionality is not available, with notice to Google via email to Customer's account representative or (iii) if Customer does not have an account representative, with notice to Google via email to (collectively, the "Ad Cancellation Process"). Customer will not be relieved of any payment obligations for Creative not submitted or submitted by Customer after the due date provided by Google. Google will not be bound by a Customer provided IO.

5 Warranty and Rights. Customer warrants that (a) it holds, and hereby grants Google, its affiliates and Partners, the rights in Creative, Destinations and Targets for Google, its affiliates and Partners to operate the Programs and (b) all information and authorizations provided by Customer are complete, correct and current. Customer authorizes Google and its affiliates to automate retrieval and analysis of Destinations for the purposes of the Programs. Customer warrants that it is authorized to act on behalf of, and has bound to these Terms, third parties, if any, for which Customer advertises in connection with these Terms ("Advertiser"). If for any reason Customer has not bound an Advertiser to these Terms, Customer will be liable for performing any obligation that the Advertiser would have if it had been bound to these Terms. Customer will provide Advertiser with reporting data as frequently as existing reporting from Customer to Advertiser, but no less than on a monthly basis, that discloses absolute dollars spent on Google and performance (at a minimum cost, clicks and impressions of users on the account of that Advertiser) in a reasonably prominent location. Google may, upon request of an Advertiser, share Advertiser-specific information with Advertiser. If Customer is using a Program on its own behalf to advertise and not on behalf of an Advertiser, for that use Customer will be deemed to be both Customer and Advertiser.

6 Make-Goods. For reservation-based Display Ads, Google will deliver any agreed upon aggregate number of Display Ads by the end of the campaign. If Google fails to do so, then subject to Section 8(b), any Customer disputing payment made to Google for such Display Ads must make a claim during the Claim Period. If Google confirms the accuracy of the claim, then Google will not charge Customer for the undelivered Display Ads or, if Customer has already paid, at Google's reasonable discretion and subject to Section 8(b), Google will provide for (i) advertising credits, which must be used by the Use By Date, (ii) later placement of the Display Ads in a comparable position or (iii) an extension of the term of the campaign. Google cannot assure that any auction-based Ads will be delivered and therefore make-goods do not apply to auction-based Ads.

7 Payment. Customer will pay all charges incurred in connection with the Program, in immediately available funds or as otherwise approved by Google, within a commercially reasonable time period specified by Google (e.g., in the Program user interface or IO). Late payments bear interest at the rate of 1.5% per month (or the highest rate permitted by law, if less). Charges are exclusive of taxes. Customer will pay (i) all taxes and other government charges and (ii) reasonable expenses and attorneys' fees Google incurs in collecting late payments. Charges are solely based on Google's measurements for the Programs and the applicable billing metrics (e.g., clicks or impressions). Any portion of a charge not disputed in good faith must be paid in full. No party may offset any payment due under these Terms against any other payment to be made under these Terms. Google may, in its sole discretion, extend, revise or revoke credit at any time. Google is not obligated to deliver any Ads in excess of any credit limit. If Google does not deliver Ads to the selected Targets, then subject to Section 8(b), Customer must make a claim for advertising credits within the Claim Period, after which Google will issue the credits following claim validation which must be used by the Use By Date. Customer understands that third parties may generate impressions or clicks on Customer's Ads for prohibited or improper purposes and that if this occurs, subject to Section 8(b), Customer must make a claim for advertising credits within the Claim Period, after which Google will issue the credits following claim validation which must be used by the Use By Date. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ADVERTISER AND CUSTOMER WAIVE ALL CLAIMS RELATING TO ANY PROGRAM CHARGES UNLESS A CLAIM IS MADE WITHIN THE CLAIM PERIOD.



10 Indemnification. Customer will defend, indemnify and hold harmless Google, its Partners, agents, affiliates, and licensors (each an "Indemnified Person") from any third party claim or liability arising out of or related to Ads, Targets, Creative, Destinations, Services, Use and breach of these Terms by Customer, except in relation to each Indemnified Person, to the extent that the third party claim or liability arises as a direct result of: (a) that Indemnified Person's negligence or misconduct; or (b) that Indemnified Person's breach of the Terms. Partners are intended third party beneficiaries of this Section.

11 Term. Google may make non-material changes to these Terms at any time without notice, but Google will provide advance notice of any material changes to these Terms. The changes to the Terms will not apply retroactively and will become effective no less than 7 days after notice. However, changes made for legal reasons may be effective immediately upon notice. Either party may terminate these Terms at any time with notice to the other party, but (i) campaigns not cancelled under Section 4 and new campaigns may be run and reserved and (ii) continued Program Use is, in each case subject to Google's then standard terms and conditions for the Program available at Google may suspend Customer's ability to participate in the Programs at any time, for example, in the event of payment issues, suspected or actual violations of the Policies or these Terms or for legal reasons. In all cases, the running of any Customer campaigns after termination is in Google's sole discretion.

12 Miscellaneous. (a) ALL CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THESE TERMS OR THE PROGRAMS WILL BE GOVERNED BY CALIFORNIA LAW, EXCLUDING CALIFORNIA'S CONFLICT OF LAWS RULES, AND WILL BE LITIGATED EXCLUSIVELY IN THE FEDERAL OR STATE COURTS OF SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, USA; THE PARTIES CONSENT TO PERSONAL JURISDICTION IN THOSE COURTS. (b) Nothing in these Terms will limit a party's ability to seek equitable relief. (c) These Terms are the parties' entire agreement relating to its subject and supersede any prior or contemporaneous agreements on that subject. (d) No party may make any public statement regarding the relationship contemplated by these Terms (except when required by law). (e) All notices of termination or breach must be in writing and addressed to the other party's Legal Department (or if it is not known if the other party has a Legal Department then to the other party's primary contact). The email address for notices being sent to Google's Legal Department is All other notices must be in writing and addressed to the other party's primary contact. Notice will be treated as given on receipt, as verified by written or automated receipt or by electronic log (as applicable). These notice requirements do not apply to legal service of process, which is instead governed by applicable law. (f) Except for modifications to these Terms by Google under Section 11, all amendments must be agreed to by both parties and expressly state that it is amending these Terms. Neither party will be treated as having waived any rights by not exercising (or delaying the exercise of) any rights under these Terms. If any provision of these Terms is found unenforceable, the balance of the Terms will remain in full force and effect. (g) Neither party may assign any part of these Terms without the written consent of the other party, except to an affiliate but only where (I) the assignee agrees in writing to be bound by these Terms, (II) the assigning party remains liable for obligations under these Terms if the assignee defaults on them, and (III) the assigning party has notified the other party of the assignment. Any other attempt to transfer or assign is void. (h) Except as expressly listed in Section 10, there are no third-party beneficiaries to these Terms. (i) These Terms do not create any agency, partnership or joint venture among the parties. (j) Sections 1 (last sentence only) and 7 to 12 will survive termination of these Terms. (k) Except for payment obligations, no party or its affiliates is liable for failure or delay in performance to the extent caused by circumstances beyond its reasonable control.

Effective from 1 November 2016

Add or move columns & cells - Computer - Docs Editors Help [gg-docs-en]

Add or move columns & cells

Want to get more out of Google Docs for work or school? Sign up for a free Google Workspace trial.

You can add, change, move, or delete your spreadsheet's columns, row, or cells.

Add one row, column, or cell

Add one row, column, or cell gif

  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Select a row, column, or cell.
  3. Right-click the row, column, or cell.
  4. From the menu that appears, select Insert 1 left, right, above or below.

Add more than one row, column, or cell

  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Highlight the number of rows, columns, or cells you want to add. To highlight multiple items:
    • Mac: ⌘ + click the rows or columns. 
    • Windows: Ctrl + click the rows or columns
  3. Right-click the rows, columns, or cells.
  4. From the menu that appears, select Insert [Number] or Insert cells. For example, highlight 5 rows, right-click the row header, and then select Insert rows.

To add 100+ rows to your spreadsheet:

  1. On your spreadsheet, scroll to the bottom.
  2. Next to "more rows at the bottom," enter the number of rows you'd like to add.
  3. Click Add.
Change row height or column width
  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Select a row or column to resize. To highlight multiple rows or columns:
    • Mac: + click the rows or columns
    • Windows: Ctrl + click the rows or columns
  3. Right-click the row number or column letter.
  4. Click Resize row or Resize column. Then, choose an option:
    • Enter a custom height or width
    • Fit to data
  5. Click OK.

You can also drag the edge of a row or column to resize it or double-click the row or column edge to fit to data.

Move rows, columns, or cells

Move rows or columns

Add more than one row, column, or cell gif

  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Select the rows or columns to move.
  3. At the top, click Edit.
  4. Select the direction you want to move the row or column, like Move row up.

You can also drag a row or column to a new location.

Move cells

  1. Select the cells to move.
  2. Point your cursor to the top of the selected cells until a hand appears.
  3. Drag the cells to their new location.
Delete rows, columns, or cells
  1. On your computer, open a spreadsheet in Google Sheets.
  2. Right-click a row, column, or cell.
  3. From the menu that appears, choose Delete row, Delete column, or Delete cell.

Related articles


Stay signed in or out of your Google Account - Google Account Help [gg-accounts-en]

Stay signed in or out of your Google Account

When you stay signed in to your account, you can use Google services soon as you open them. For example, you can quickly check your email in Gmail or see your past searches in Chrome.

Stay signed in

If Google keeps signing you out, here are some steps you can try:

  • Make sure cookies are turned on. Some antivirus or related software may delete your cookies.
  • If your cookies are turned on, clear your browser's cache. Note: While deleting your cookies may resolve the problem, it will also remove your saved settings for sites you've visited.
  • Make sure you're using the latest version of your browser.
  • Use a browser like Chrome to remember passwords for you.
  • If you use 2-Step Verification, add trusted computers.

Stay signed out

When you sign in to your Google Account, you'll stay signed in until you sign out.

If you're using a public computer or someone else's device:

  1. Browse in private.
  2. When you're done, close all private browsing windows. You'll be automatically signed out.

Stay signed out of non-Google accounts

These tips can help you stop non-Google accounts from automatically signing you in.

Sign out of someone else's device

Important: If your password is saved to someone else's device, change your password and make sure you're signed out of their device. That way, someone else won't be able to sign in to your account.

  1. Go to your Google Account.
  2. On the left navigation panel, click Security.
  3. On the Your devices panel, click Manage devices.
  4. Select a device.
  5. Click Remove.

Browse Pages, Numbers, and Keynote files on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch - Apple Support

Browse Pages, Numbers, and Keynote files on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch

Use the document manager to browse, organize, and manage your documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.

The document manager in Pages, Numbers, or Keynote works together with the Files app to keep your documents up to date across devices and apps. Here's how to access the document manager when you have a document open:

  • On an iPad, tap Documents, Spreadsheets, or Presentations, depending on the app you're using.
  • On an iPhone, tap the Documents, Spreadsheets, or Presentation button the Back button.

Browse documents

To browse documents in other locations, tap the link in the top-left corner to expand the Locations list in the document manager. You might have to tap more than once.

In the Locations list, tap a location to open it in the document manager. Locations can include your device, iCloud Drive, and third-party cloud services. If you don't see a location you want to browse, you can turn it on so it appears in the Browse menu.

You can also browse documents by doing any of the following:

  • To see recently edited documents in the iWork app you're currently using, tap Recents.
  • To look for a specific document, tap in the Search field at the top of the window, then enter all or part of the name of the document.
  • To sort documents in the document manager by name, date, size, or tag, swipe down in the document manager until the buttons appear, then tap one on iPad, or tap the More button  and choose an option on iPhone.
  • To see the documents that share a tag, tap a tag in the Browse menu. Learn how to work with tags.

You can also change how you view items in the document manager:

  • On iPad,  tap the Icons button , the List button the List button, or the Columns button  depending on your current view, then choose a different option from the menu.
  • On iPhone, tap the More button , then tap Icons or List.

Organize your documents with folders and tags

You can keep your documents organized by creating folders and storing documents in them.

  1. Expand the Locations list in the document manager, then tap the location where you want to store the folder, such as iCloud Drive or On My iPad.
    iPad Pro with Pages file browser open
  2. On iPad, tap the New Folder button . On iPhone, tap the More button , then tap New Folder. 
  3. Name the new folder, then tap Done.
  4. To create a new document in that folder, open the folder, then tap Create Document. The document will then be saved in that folder until you move it.

You can also use tags to organize your files. Tags make it easy to quickly find the document you need.

Tag a document

  1. Tap Select, then tap the document thumbnail so a checkmark appears on it.
  2. Tap Share on your iPad, or tap the Share button  on your iPhone, then tap Add Tag. 
  3. You can select an existing tag, or create your own. To create your own tag:
    • Tap Add New Tag.
    • Enter a name for the tag and select a color.
    • Tap Add Tag. You can tag documents with the new tag, and the tag also appears in the Browse menu.

Manage tags

  1. Expand the Locations list in the document manager.
  2. Tap the More button in the Locations list, then tap Edit Sidebar on iPad, or tap Edit on iPhone.
  3. Tap the name of an existing tag.
  4. Then enter the name of your new tag.
  5. Tap Done.

Manage documents

You can share, move, copy, and delete documents in the document manager. Tap Select, tap the document thumbnail so a checkmark appears on it, then tap the option you want at the bottom of the screen.

iPad Pro with Pages file browser open and one file selected

  • To share a document, tap Share on your iPad, or tap the Share button  on your iPhone, then choose how you want to share the document. To share or save the document in another format such as PDF, tap Export.
  • To copy or move the document to another folder or location, tap Move on your iPad or tap the Move button  on your iPhone, select the new location, then tap Copy or Move.
  • To delete a document, tap Delete on your iPad, or tap the Delete button  on your iPhone.

Rename a document

Make sure you're viewing documents as thumbnails before you rename documents.

  1. In the document manager, tap the document name, then tap the "x" in the text field to delete the current name.
  2. Type a new name, then tap Done.

Browse and open recently deleted and previous versions of documents

  1. Expand the Locations list in the document manager.
  2. Tap Recently Deleted. Recently deleted documents appear in the document manager. 
  3. Tap Select, tap one or more documents, then tap Recover. 
  4. To get information about a recently deleted item, touch and hold the name of the document or folder, lift your finger, then tap Info in the menu.

You can also browse and restore previous versions of a document that you've stored in iCloud Drive:

  1. Expand the Locations list in the document manager, then tap iCloud Drive.
  2. In the document manager, tap Select, tap a document, then do one of the following:
    • On your iPad, tap Versions. 
    • On your iPhone, tap the Versions button .
  3. Tap a version to select it. 
    • To preview a version, tap Preview. You can search for text in the preview, and you can copy text and objects. However, you can't edit in the preview. 
    • To open the version so you can edit it, tap Save a Copy.
    • To replace the current version with the preview version, tap Restore.
    • To return to the current version, tap Close.

Customize the Browse menu

You can turn locations where you store documents on or off, reorder items, and edit tag categories. Changes you make to the Browse menu in the document manager also affect the Browse menu in the Files app. If you're using a third-party cloud service like Box to store and share your documents, download, install, and set up its app on your device, then turn it on to use it with the document manager and the Files app.

  1. Expand the Locations list in the document manager.
  2. In the Browse menu, tap Edit, then do any of the following:
    • Turn on the location that you want to use.
    • To reorder items in the list, touch and hold the Reorder button , then drag the location or tag label to a new position.
    • To remove a tag category, tap the Delete button .
  3. Tap Done. 

Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the selection, performance, or use of third-party websites or products. Apple makes no representations regarding third-party website accuracy or reliability. Contact the vendor for additional information.

Published Date: 

Create an EPUB book in Pages - Apple Support

Create an EPUB book in Pages

Choose from a variety of predesigned book templates to create an interactive EPUB book that can be viewed in Apple Books.

Choose a template

Pages includes two categories of templates specially designed for creating EPUB books. To choose a book template:

Pages Books template chooser window

  1. In Pages on your Mac, choose File > New.
    In the document manager in Pages on your iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, or on, tap or click the New Document button 
  2. In the template chooser, scroll down to the Books templates.
  3. Choose the template that's best for your content:
    • For books that use mostly text, choose a Portrait template. With a Portrait template, you can choose to use reflowable text when you export to EPUB. In the exported EPUB book, text adjusts to different sizes or orientations of devices. Because of this, your book may look different from the original document when opened in Apple Books or other reader apps.*
    • For books that use a lot of images or formats text in columns, choose a Landscape template. Landscape templates are exported to EPUB with fixed layouts. The layout is maintained in the exported EPUB book. The layout doesn't change depending on the size or orientation of a device.

* If you decide you want the layout of your Portrait EPUB book to match your document's layout, you can always export your Portrait template-based document as a fixed layout EPUB.

Create a book in Pages

After you've picked a template you can add text, photos, image galleries, videos, shapes, tables, charts, and your own drawings to your document. You can record audio directly on a page in your document and listen to it in your EPUB. You can also animate drawings, which will play back in your EPUB. And, to make sure your book has a table of contents, use the Table of Contents view in Pages to add one.

With a Portrait template, new pages are automatically created as you add content. Your text automatically flows from one page to another.  With a Landscape template, you must manually add a new page.

You can also copy a section from one word-processing document to another, or copy a page from one page layout document to another. Learn how to copy and paste pages and sections on iPadiPhone, or Mac.

If you want text to flow from one page to another in a Landscape template, you can use linked text boxes.

Add pages manually to a Landscape template

To add pages to a Landscape template on a Mac, choose Insert > Page.

Here's how to add pages to a Landscape template on an iPad:

  1. Tap the View Options button , then turn on Page Thumbnails.
  2. Tap the thumbnail of the page you want the new page to follow.
  3. Tap the Add Page button at the bottom of Page Thumbnails view, then tap one of the options.

You can also add pages to a Landscape template on an iPhone or iPod touch:

  1. Tap the page numbers at the bottom of the screen.
  2. Tap the Add Page button  at the top of the Page Thumbnails screen.
  3. Tap one of the options, then tap Choose. 

View and share your book

You can view and share your EPUB book in Pages on your iPhone, iPad, Mac, or online at

Pages on iPhone or iPad

  1. Open your document in Pages.
  2. Tap the More button .
  3. Tap Export.
  4. Tap EPUB.
  5. Tap Export.
  6. To view your book in the Books app on your device, choose Copy to Books. To share your book, tap an app such as Mail or Messages.

Pages for Mac

  1. Open your document in Pages.
  2. Choose File > Export To > EPUB.
  3. Click Next.
  4. Select a location for your book, then click Export.
  5. To view your book in the Books app on your Mac, double-click the book file. To share your book, select the file in Finder, click the Share button , then choose a method for sharing your book.

Pages for iCloud

  1. Open your document in Pages.
  2. Click the Tools button , then choose "Download a Copy."
  3. Click EPUB in the window that appears.
  4. Click Download.
  5. To view your book in the Books app on a Mac, double-click the book file. To share your book on a Mac, select the file in Finder, click the share icon, then choose a method for sharing your book.

Publish to Apple Books

You can publish your book directly from Pages to the Books store in Apple Books on your iPad, iPhone, Mac, or online at 

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